San Antonio, city, seat (1837) of Bexar county, south-central Texas, UNITED STATE. It is situated at the headwaters of the San Antonio River on the Balcones Escarpment, concerning 80 miles (130 km) southwest of Austin. The 2nd most-populous city in Texas, it is the emphasis of a city that consists of Alamo Levels, Castle Hills, Reverse, Kirby, Leon Valley, Live Oak, Schertz, Terrell Hills, Universal City, as well as Windcrest. Inc. 1809. Area city, 412 square miles (1,067 square kilometres). Pop. (2000) 1,144,646; San Antonio Metro Area, 1,711,703; (2010) 1,327,407; San Antonio Metro Location, 2,142,508.
Spanish travelers first checked out the website, after that a camp of the Payaya Indians, in 1691. San Antonio was founded May 1, 1718, when a Spanish expedition from Mexico established the Goal San Antonio de Valero. The objective, later on called the Alamo (Spanish: “Cottonwood”), was just one of 5 established in the location as well as was named for St. Anthony of Padua. On Might 5 a presidio (armed forces garrison) referred to as San Antonio de Béxar was established close by. The website, on the river’s west bank, was a stopping position on the route with the Texas wild between missions on the Rio Grande and also those in East Texas.
In 1731 settlers from the Canary Islands laid out the town of San Fernando de Béxar near the presidio, where a private community had actually been planned when the presidio as well as mission were established. Throughout its very early years the negotiation struggled with raids by Apache as well as Comanche people. The mission was secularized in 1793 and also became an armed forces post. San Fernando de Béxar worked as rural funding from 1773 to 1824, yet in subsequent years its political authority subsided. By 1837, when it came to be a county seat of the Republic of Texas, it had actually been relabelled San Antonio.
At the time of Mexican self-reliance in 1821, San Antonio was, in addition to Goliad and also Nacogdoches, among three developed Spanish areas in Texas. In the summer season of that year, Stephen Austin arrived in the city– then seat of the Spanish government in Texas– to follow up on an authorization gotten by his daddy for the admission of 300 UNITED STATE family members into the area. In December 1835, initially of the Texas Transformation, Texan forces occupied the Alamo. They remained there till March 1836, when they were massacred by Mexican soldiers under General Antonio López de Santa Anna complying with a 13-day siege. The presidio disappeared with the freedom of Texas in April.
In 1836 San Antonio was still the primary city of Texas, with some 2,500 residents. It grew rapidly after independence, led by lots of German immigrants. During the last years of the 19th century, San Antonio, as the beginning point for the Chisholm Route, became a major livestock centre, where herds were constructed for the overland drives to the railheads in Kansas.
The city quickly became the industrial hub of the Southwest. The arrival of the very first railway in 1877 brought migrants from the American South, and also Mexican immigrants resolved there after the beginning of the Mexican Change in 1910. San Antonio was a significant armed forces centre during World Wars I and II, a variable that remained to dominate its economic situation in succeeding years. In 1968 a world’s exposition, called HemisFair, was held there to honor the city’s 250th wedding anniversary and to commemorate its social ties with Latin America.
In 1981 Henry Cisneros was elected the city’s very first Hispanic mayor given that the mid-19th century; Cisneros offered until 1989. In 2001 Ed Garza was elected the city’s second modern-era Hispanic mayor as well as was in workplace until 2005.