San Antonio, city, seat (1837) of Bexar region, south-central Texas, UNITED STATE. It is located at the headwaters of the San Antonio River on the Balcones Cliff, regarding 80 miles (130 kilometres) southwest of Austin. The 2nd most-populous city in Texas, it is the emphasis of a metropolitan area that includes Alamo Heights, Castle Hills, Reverse, Kirby, Leon Valley, Live Oak, Schertz, Terrell Hills, Universal City, as well as Windcrest. Inc. 1809. Location city, 412 square miles (1,067 square km). Pop. (2000) 1,144,646; San Antonio City Area, 1,711,703; (2010) 1,327,407; San Antonio Metro Area, 2,142,508.
Spanish travelers first went to the site, after that a camp of the Payaya Indians, in 1691. San Antonio was started May 1, 1718, when a Spanish expedition from Mexico developed the Mission San Antonio de Valero. The goal, later on called the Alamo (Spanish: “Cottonwood”), was one of five established in the location and also was called for St. Anthony of Padua. On Might 5 a presidio (army garrison) referred to as San Antonio de Béxar was established nearby. The website, on the river’s west financial institution, was a stopping position on the trail through the Texas wild between objectives on the Rio Grande and those in East Texas.
In 1731 inhabitants from the Canary Islands outlined the community of San Fernando de Béxar near the presidio, where a civilian community had been planned when the presidio and also goal were established. During its very early years the negotiation suffered from raids by Apache and Comanche tribes. The mission was secularized in 1793 as well as ended up being an armed forces blog post. San Fernando de Béxar worked as provincial capital from 1773 to 1824, yet in subsequent years its political authority subsided. By 1837, when it became an area seat of the Republic of Texas, it had been relabelled San Antonio.
At the time of Mexican independence in 1821, San Antonio was, in addition to Goliad and also Nacogdoches, one of 3 established Spanish neighborhoods in Texas. In the summer season of that year, Stephen Austin showed up in the city– after that seat of the Spanish government in Texas– to follow up on a license gotten by his father for the admission of 300 UNITED STATE family members into the area. In December 1835, initially of the Texas Change, Texan forces occupied the Alamo. They stayed there till March 1836, when they were slaughtered by Mexican troops under General Antonio López de Santa Anna adhering to a 13-day siege. The presidio disappeared with the freedom of Texas in April.
In 1836 San Antonio was still the primary city of Texas, with some 2,500 occupants. It proliferated after self-reliance, led by large numbers of German immigrants. Throughout the last decades of the 19th century, San Antonio, as the beginning point for the Chisholm Route, came to be a significant cattle centre, where herds were assembled for the overland drives to the railheads in Kansas.
The city quickly ended up being the commercial center of the Southwest. The arrival of the initial railroad in 1877 brought travelers from the American South, and Mexican immigrants resolved there after the beginning of the Mexican Transformation in 1910. San Antonio was a major military centre during World war and also II, an element that remained to control its economy in succeeding years. In 1968 a globe’s presentation, known as HemisFair, was held there to memorialize the city’s 250th anniversary as well as to celebrate its cultural ties with Latin America.
In 1981 Henry Cisneros was chosen the city’s very first Hispanic mayor given that the mid-19th century; Cisneros offered up until 1989. In 2001 Ed Garza was chosen the city’s 2nd modern-era Hispanic mayor as well as was in workplace until 2005.